How to Download a File Using Selenium Webdriver Java

Selenium is an open-source web-based automation tool that is implemented using a web driver. We will be using geckodriver because Selenium 3 enables geckodriver as the default WebDriver implementation for Firefox.


  1. geckodriver.exe
  2. maven dependency selenium


The following 4 steps will automate the process:

  1. Set webdriver.gecko.driver and its' path as a system property.
  2. Set the firefox diver and browse to the website link.
  3. Get the file-download button as a web element using webdriver.findElement() function and css selector.
  4. Use webdriver to click the webelement. This will download the file.

Let’s see all the above steps in the code. We will use function to click the download button that will start downloading the file.
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;

public class DownloadFile {
    public static String GECKODRIVER_PATH = "F:\\WORK\\SeleniumShortTasks\\DownloadFile\\src\\main\\resources\\geckodriver.exe";
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //set firefox webdriver
        System.setProperty("webdriver.gecko.driver", GECKODRIVER_PATH);
        WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();

        //get the firefox browser & Browse the Website for file Download
        String siteLink = "";

        //Get Download Button
        WebElement downloadButton = driver.findElement(By.cssSelector(""));;



All resources used in this tutorial are attached:
  • source code
  • geckdriver.exe